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Grape Variety: Picpoul blanc

Variety Name Picpoul blanc
TTB Approved Name(s) Piquepoul blanc (Picpoul)
Common Synonyms Piquepoul blanc, Picpoul, Piquepoul
All Synonyms Avello, Avillo, Extra, Feher Piquepoul, Languedocien, Picapoll, Picapolla, Picapulla, Picpoul, Picpoul de Pinet, Piquepoul blanc, Piquepoul de Pinet
Countries of Origin France
Species Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera Linne
References
Berry Color White
Uses Wine
Comments The Piquepoul (Picpoul) grape is associated with the Languedoc region of southern France and has white, black and grey forms. The variety can tolerate sand. Wine has been made from the Piquepoul (Picpoul) grape since the 17th century. One notable wine made in France from Piquepoul/Picpoul blanc grapes is Picpoul de Pinet. Recent DNA analysis shows that Picapoll blanco is a distinct variety from Piquepoul/Picpoul blanc. (reference 80 - Robinson, et al., WINE GRAPES, p. 828).

Picpoul blanc Selections available from FPS

  Picpoul blanc 01
Registration Status Provisional
Source Château de Beaucastel, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Several lesser-known Rhône varieties became part of the Foundation Plant Services grapevine collection in 2004 as a result of a cooperative effort between FPS, UC Davis, the General Partners of Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, Robert Haas and the Perrin family in France. Cuttings from those varieties – Vaccarèse, Terret noir, Muscardin, Cinsault, Picardan, Piquepoul blanc, Clairette blanche, and Bourboulenc – were taken by sélection massale from the best performing vines at Château de Beaucastel (the Perrin estate) in Châteauneuf-du-Pape in southern France. The plant material came to FPS in 2004 to begin the testing process. The original material for Picpoul blanc 01 tested positive for virus and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2005. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Picpoul blanc 01 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2010. This selection will be proprietary until 01/01/2016, at which time it will become public. Until 2016, inquiries about the availability of Picpoul blanc 01 should be directed to Novavine Nursery in Sonoma, California.

  Picpoul blanc 01.1
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Château de Beaucastel, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Several lesser-known Rhône varieties became part of the Foundation Plant Services grapevine collection in 2004 as a result of a cooperative effort between FPS, UC Davis, the General Partners of Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, Robert Haas and the Perrin family in France. Cuttings from those varieties – Vaccarèse, Terret noir, Muscardin, Cinsault, Picardan, Piquepoul blanc, Clairette blanche, and Bourboulenc – were taken by sélection massale from the best performing vines at Château de Beaucastel (the Perrin estate) in Châteauneuf-du-Pape in southern France. The plant material for this selection came to FPS in 2004 to begin the testing process. The original material for Picpoul blanc 01 tested positive for virus and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2005. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Picpoul blanc 01 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2010. The treated material (tissue culture) from Picpoul blanc 01 successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2012, where it was planted as Picpoul blanc 01.1. Picpoul blanc 01 and 01.1 will be proprietary until 01/01/2016, at which time they become public. Until 2016, inquiries about availability of Picpoul blanc 01/01.1 should be directed to Novavine Nursery in Sonoma, California.

  Picpoul blanc 02
Registration Status Provisional
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyard in Paso Robles, California
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection (Tablas Creek Vineyard selection A) was donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 from Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Picpoul blanc 02 is reported to be from a unique source in France. The original mother plants for this selection came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's, prior to the establishment of the ENTAV-INRA trademark protection for official French clones. Picpoul blanc FPS 02 successfully completed disease testing in 2012 and was released to its sponsor.

  Picpoul blanc 02.1
Registration Status Provisional
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards, Paso Robles, California
Treatments MIcroshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection (Tablas Creek Vineyard selection A) was donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 from Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Picpoul blanc 02 is reported to be from a unique source in France. The original mother plants for this selection came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's, prior to the establishment of the ENTAV-INRA trademark protection for official French clones. Picpoul blanc FPS 02 successfully completed disease testing in 2012 and was released to its sponsor. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2015.