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Grape Variety: Gamay noir

Variety Name Gamay noir
TTB Approved Name(s) Gamay noir
Common Synonyms Gamay noir à jus blanc
All Synonyms Beaujolais, Beuna di Susa, Biaune Gamaise, Blauer Gamet, Borgogna, Bourguignon noir, Burgandi Nagyszemu, Carcairone, Chambonat, Complant de Lune, Erice noir, Ericey du Acher, Gamay Beaujolais, Gamay Charmont, Gamay d' Auvergne, Gamay d'Arcenant, Gamay de la Dole, Gamay de Liverdun, Gamay Geoffray, Gamay Labronde, Gamay Magny, Gamay Mathieu, Gamay Nicolas, Gamay noir à Jus Blanc, Gamay Ovoide, Gamay Picard, Gamay Piccolo Nero, Gamay Rond, Gamay Sainte-foix, Gamay noir à Jus Blanc, Gamay Beaujolais, Gambonnin, Game, Game Crni, Gamet Blauer, Garcairone, Grosse Dole, Kek Gamay, Lyonnais, Lyonnaise, Marvandiot, Melon Gross Blau, Melon noir, Melonentraube Schwarz, Nagyburgundi Kek, Nicola, Olivette Beaujolaise, Petit Bourguignon, Petit Gamai, Petit Gamay, Petit Rondelet, Piccolo Gamay, Plant Charmenton, Plant Chartaignet, Plant Chatillon, Plant d' Evelles, Plant d' Hery, Plant d'Argenant, Plant de Bevy, Plant de la Treille, Plant de LaBronde, Plant de Limagne, Plant de Magny, Plant de Malin, Plant de Montlambert, Plant des Carmes, Plant Montagny-sous-Beaune, Plant Monternier, Plant Nikolas, Plant Picard, Plant Tondo, Plant Tondu, Pti Game, Saumorille, Schwarze Melonentraube, Sulzentaler blau, Verdunois
Countries of Origin France
Species Vitis vinifera
Pedigree Pinot noir x Gouais
References
Berry Color Black
Uses Wine
Comments DNA analysis has shown that the 'true' Gamay noir grape is the offspring of Pinot x Gouais blanc (Heunisch weiss), making Gamay noir a sibling of Chardonnay. The berries have pale flesh. There are a number of false Gamays found throughout the world. In California, they include Gamay Beaujolais (a Pinot noir clone) and Napa Gamay (which is Valdiguié). The first true Gamay noir was imported into California in 1973.

Gamay noir PhotosClick photo to enlarge

       

Gamay noir Selections available from FPS

  Gamay noir 02
Registration Status Registered
Source Reported to be French clone 221, from France via Oregon State University
Treatments None
Comments This clone came to Foundation Plant Services via the quarantine program at Oregon State University in 1987, prior to the initiation of the trademark program for French clonal material. The material is reported to be French clone 221 from Domaine l'Espiguette. Gamay noir 02 successfully completed testing for California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 1988 and was installed in the Classic Foundation Vineyard at that time.

  Gamay noir 03
Registration Status Registered
Source Reported to be clone 282 from France via Oregon State University
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
  Gamay noir 05
Registration Status Registered
Source Reported to be clone 509 from France
Treatments Heat treatment 61days; microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported to Foundation Plant Services in the mid 1980's from France. It came to FPS as Gamay Beaujolais and is reported to be clone 509. The selection underwent heat treatment therapy and microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS. It was initially released as Gamay Beaujolais 02. In 1996, the name of the selection was changed to'the more correct' name of Gamay noir 05.

  Gamay noir 05.1
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Reported to be clone 509 from France
Treatments Heat treatment 61 days; microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported to Foundation Plant Services in the mid 1980's from France. It came to FPS as Gamay Beaujolais and is reported to be clone 509. The selection underwent heat treatment therapy and microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS. It was initially released as Gamay Beaujolais 02. In 1996, the name of the selection was changed to'the more correct' name of Gamay noir 05. Gamay noir 05 successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2013 and will be planted there under the selection name Gamay noir 05.1.

  Gamay noir 06 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Reported to be clone 565 from France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported to Foundation Plant Services in 1995 from France. It is reported to be French clone 565. The words 'reported to be' signify that the importation preceded the official trademark program for French clones; this material is not authorized French clonal material and the authenticity of the clone number cannot be guaranteed. The original plant material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy at FPS in 1996. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Gamay noir 06 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000.

  Gamay noir 07 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Reported to be clone 284 from France via Oregon State University
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
  Gamay noir 07.1 Top
Registration Status Provisional
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
  Gamay noir 09 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Gamay noir FPS 01, which was from Domaine de l'Espiguette, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was simultaneously imported to Cornell University and Foundation Plant Services (University of California, Davis) in 1973 from M.C. Valat, Association National Tech. l'Aamel. Viticulture, Domaine de l'Espiguette, France. The selection was originally named Gamay noir 01 at FPS. the original plant material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy at FPS in 1999. The new treated plant material was named Gamay noir FPS 09, which was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2007 after successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. This selection has also qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard - see entry for Gamay noir 09.1.

  Gamay noir 09.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Domaine de l'Espiguette, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported to the United States in 1973 from the Association Nationale Tech l'Aamel. Viticulture at Domaine de l'Espiguette in France (M.C. Valat). The USDA assigned Plant Identification number 391451 to the accession. The original material underwent index testing at Foundation Plant Services from 1973 through 1975 and eventually qualified for the California Registration & Certification Program. Gamay noir 01 was planted in the FPS foundation vineyard west of Hopkins Road in June, 1976. The selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus in 1981 and was put through heat treatment therapy for 62 days in 1982. Gamay noir 01 was not eligible for the foundation vineyard due to the RSP virus and was planted in the Tyree Vineyard for a time. Gamay noir 01 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 1999 and qualified for the Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2007, where it was given the new selection name Gamay noir 09. Gamay noir 09 successfully qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2011, where it was planted as Gamay noir 09.1.

  Gamay noir 358 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Gamay noir ENTAV-INRA ® 358 authorized clone from ENTAV in France
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments Distributed by ENTAV-INRA licensees